Kierkegaard wanted to enter into different ways of seeing the world in order to help people see their own situations more clearly, and in order that they might be able to come to their own conclusions.
He rarely left his hometown of Copenhagen, and travelled abroad only five times—four times to Berlin and once to Sweden.
His prime recreational activities were attending the theatre, walking the streets of Copenhagen to chat with ordinary people, and taking brief carriage jaunts into the surrounding countryside. His teachers at the university included F. Martensen also had a profound effect on Kierkegaard, but largely in a negative manner.
Kierkegaard regarded Martensen as one of his chief intellectual rivals. Martensen was only five years his senior, but was already lecturing at Copenhagen University when Kierkegaard was a student there. Heiberg, more than any other person, was responsible for introducing Hegelianism into Denmark.
Kierkegaard spent a good deal of energy trying to break into the Heiberg literary circle, but desisted once he had found his own voice in The Concept of Irony. Much of the thrust of his critique of Hegelianism is that its system of thought is abstracted from the everyday lives of its proponents.
This existential critique consists in demonstrating how the life and work of a philosopher contradict one another. Kierkegaard derived this form of critique from the Greek notion of judging philosophers by their lives rather than simply by their intellectual artefacts.
Because of his existentialist orientation, most of his interventions in contemporary theory do double duty as means of working through events from his own life. His mother does not rate a direct mention in his published works, or in his diaries—not even on the day she died.
However, for a writer who places so much emphasis on indirect communication, and on the semiotics of invisibility, we should regard this absence as significant. Kierkegaard was deeply enamoured of the Danish language and worked throughout his writings to assert the strengths of his mother-tongue over the invasive, imperialistic influences of Latin and German.
With respect to the former, Kierkegaard had to petition the king to be allowed to write his philosophy dissertation On the Concept of Irony with constant reference to Socrates in Danish.
Even though permission was granted he was still required to defend his dissertation publicly in Latin. Latin had been the pan-European language of science and scholarship. In Repetitionthe character and pseudonymous author Constantin Constantius congratulates the Danish language on providing the word for an important new philosophical concept, viz.
This may explain the sense of urgency that drove Kierkegaard to write so prolifically in the years leading up to his 34th birthday.
The breaking of the engagement allowed Kierkegaard to devote himself monastically to his religious purpose, as well as to establish his outsider status outside the norm of married bourgeois life. It also freed him from close personal entanglements with women, thereby leading him to objectify them as ideal creatures, and to reproduce the patriarchal values of his church and father.
The latter included viewing women in terms of their traditional social roles, particularly as mothers and wives, but also in their traditional spiritual roles as epitomes of devotion and self-sacrifice.
This problem was compounded by the fact that Denmark had recently and very rapidly been transformed from a feudal society into a capitalist society.
Given this problematic in this social context Kierkegaard perceived a need to invent a form of communication which would not produce stereotyped identities. On the contrary, he needed a form of rhetoric which would force people back onto their own resources, to take responsibility for their own existential choices, and to become who they are beyond their socially imposed identities.
In this undertaking Kierkegaard was inspired by the figure of Socrates, whose incessant irony undermined all knowledge claims that were taken for granted or unreflectively inherited from traditional culture. In his dissertation On the Concept of Irony with constant reference to Socrates Kierkegaard argued that the historical Socrates used his irony in order to facilitate the birth of subjectivity in his interlocutors.
Kierkegaard sought to provide a similar service for his own contemporaries. He used irony, parody, satire, humor, and deconstructive techniques in order to make conventionally accepted forms of knowledge and value untenable.The pseudo-editor Hilarius Bookbinder claims that this work, which is comprised of three sections, corresponding to Kierkegaard's three stages, was written by different authors.
These separate entities were left in a bureau, forgotten until their fortuitous discovery years later. Each section of Stages On Life's Way represents one of the. Btec Level 3 Develop Through Life Stages Essay The physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual All living things have a life cycle.
Every human goes through these stages throughout their life in which changes occur. Three Discourses on Imagined Occasions, otherwise known as Thoughts on Crucial Situations, was published concurrently with Stages on Life's Way.
In Stages On Life's Way Kierkegaard posited three stages of life, or spheres of existence: the esthetic, the ethical and the religious. Three Addresses on Imagined Occasions by S. Kierkegaard (Tre Taler ved tœnkte Leiligheder)-Stages On Life’s Way: Studies by Various Persons, compiled, forwarded to the press, and published by Hilarious Bookbinder (Stadier paa Livets Vej.
Studier af Forskjellige. “Religious” Stage. For Kierkegaard, the highest stage of life that humans can hope to be is what he calls the “Religious” Stage.
Now, Kierkegaard was a Christian — that’s no secret. Unit 4: Development through the life stages P1 Describe physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of the life stages of an individual. Adolescence Physical Development This is the stage which we move from childhood to adulthood.