Eros love In the classical world, the phenomenon of "love at first sight" was understood within the context of a more general conception of passionate love, a kind of madness or, as the Greeks put it, theia mania "madness from the gods". At times, the source of the arrows was said to be the image of the beautiful love object itself. If these arrows arrived at the lover's eyes, they would then travel to and 'pierce' his or her heart, overwhelming them with desire and longing love sickness.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Anxiety is a psychological, physiological, and behavioral state induced in animals and humans by a threat to well-being or survival, either actual or potential. It is characterized by increased arousal, expectancy, autonomic and neuroendocrine activation, and specific behavior patterns.
The function of these changes is to facilitate coping with an adverse or unexpected situation. Pathological anxiety interferes with the ability to cope successfully with life challenges.
These models have been instrumental in establishing the biological correlates of fear and anxiety, although the recent development of noninvasive investigation methods in humans, such as the various neuroimaging techniques, certainly opens new avenues of research in this field.
Our current knowledge of the biological bases of fear and anxiety is already impressive, and further progress toward models or theories integrating contributions from the medical, biological, and psychological sciences can be expected.
This first phase of the emotional response is followed by a reactive phase, where muscles come back into action, but the attention still remains highly focused on the emotional situation. With the knowledge of brain physiology and anatomy that was available at the end of the 19th century, hypotheses on the mechanisms possibly involved in emotions were of course limited.
It is amazing to see how Letourneau's views on emotions, more than a century ago, were in many ways premonitory.
This has progressively led to today's view of emotions being experienced or expressed at three different, but closely interrelated levels: These three complementary aspects are present in even the most basic emotions, such as fear. However, a brief historical survey of the more biologically oriented ones may help to set some important conceptual issues.
Cannon and Bard criticized this theory and proposed that the neurophysiological aspects of emotions are subcortical and involve the thalamus.
Thus, a sudden noise or loss of physical support can induce an innate fear reaction, and restraint of bodily movements triggers rage. For him, connections between the cerebral hemispheres and the hypothalamus, and between the cerebral hemispheres and the dorsal thalamus mediate emotions.
He held the view that emotion implies behavior expression and feeling experience, subjective aspects. Expression depends on the hypothalamus, and experience on the cortex.
More recently, Schachter emphasized the importance of cognitive processes: He also showed that the visceral response appears to be a necessary, although not sufficient, condition for the occurrence of emotion. The main function of fear and anxiety is to act as a signal of danger, threat, or motivational conflict, and to trigger appropriate adaptive responses.
For some authors, fear and anxiety are undistinguishable, whereas others believe that they are distinct phenomena. Ethologists define fear as a motivational state aroused by specific stimuli that give rise to defensive behavior or escape.
Young animals may show an innate fear reaction to sudden noise or disturbances in the environment, but rapidly become habituated to them. When they are used to a familiar environment, then a fear of novelty may develop. Ethologists have also made the important observation that fear is often mixed up with other aspects of motivation.
Thus, conflict between fear and approach behavior may results in displacement activities eg, self-grooming in rats. Such displacement activities may be the behavioral expression of an anxious state, but anxiety is a concept that is apparently not used by ethologists, perhaps because their definition of fear does in fact include all the more biological aspects of anxiety.
Many authors, however, have argued that differences in their etiologies, response patterns, time courses, and intensities seem to justify a clear distinction between anxiety and fear.
Anxiety is a generalized response to an unknown threat or internal conflict, whereas fear is focused on known external danger.
Also, it is reasonable to conclude that anxiety can be distinguished from fear in that the object of fear is 'real' or 'external' or 'known' or 'objective.
The uncertainty regarding these situations highlights a lack of control that contributes to feelings of anxiety and makes coping more difficult. At the heart of this structure is a sense of uncontrollability focused largely on possible future threats, danger, or other upcoming potentially negative events, in contrast to fear, where the danger is present and imminent.
In fact, anxiety may just be a more elaborate form of fear, which provides the individual with an increased capacity to adapt and plan for the future.
Defense and coping strategies Fear or anxiety result in the expression of a range of adaptive or defensive behaviors, which are aimed at escaping from the source of danger or motivational conflict. These behaviors depend on the context and the repertoire of the species. Active coping strategies are used when escape from threat is possible, and the autonomic changes associated with these active strategies are mediated predominantly by sympathetic activation hypertension, tachycardia.
In business, innovation often results when ideas are applied by the company in order to further satisfy the needs and expectations of the customers. In a social context, innovation helps create new methods for alliance creation, joint venturing, flexible work hours, and creation of buyers' purchasing power. Love at first sight is a personal experience and a common trope in literature: a person, character, or speaker feels an instant, extreme, and ultimately long-lasting romantic attraction for a stranger upon the first sight of that stranger. The notion of the effects of a particular gene and of a particular environment interacting was a critical counter to the millennia-old dichotomy of nature versus nurture.
This is the fight-or-flight response originally described by Cannon.A response is a more mindful approach to situations that may come your way.
It includes giving more reason, and less emotion, to your action. For example, imagine you are at work and somebody calls you with a question you may not immediately know the answer to.
The first of these is the notion of universal responsibility, understood to apply to those who have the power not to stand idly by whilst crimes against humanity are being committed, and it is within their capacities to end them. 33 Given the continued importance of states to the implementation of military and civilian measures paradigmatic of.
Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity. The term Mass is commonly used in the Catholic Church and Anglican churches, as well as some Lutheran churches, Methodist, Western Rite Orthodox and Old Catholic churches.
The dream and vision is for a just and godly nation. This same heart desire, idea and motivation has been seen repeatedly in American politics. The Puritan voices we hear in America today come from activists still voicing their concerns from church pulpits, Christian media, and the halls of government.
The Distinction Between Innate and Acquired Characteristics First published Tue Aug 4, The idea that some characteristics of an organism are explained by the organism's intrinsic nature, whilst others reflect the influence of the environment is an ancient one.
Notion of Sight in Response to Langston Hughes’ Salvation and Annie Dillard’s Sight into Insight Sight is a notion perceived differently by different people.
When it came to Hughes and Dillard it was obvious that sight was exercised in opposite ways.